In the late fourteenth century an influential French popularizer of science, Bishop Nicole d’Oresme (1330-1382), created the unforgettable metaphor: a clockwork universe, God the perfect clockmaker!
That is, things kept moving because of forces originally imprinted on them that simply continued to operate.
The clock was the master metaphor of the universe.
The clock is the mother of machines.
Even after the clock ceased to be the master metaphor of the universe, it became more than ever master of daily life on this planet.
— The Discoverers by Daniel J. Boorstin